Khutbah – The Dua of Jonah

Khutbah – The Dua of Jonah

Today we’re going to discuss some of the prayers made by different Prophets in the Quran.


Download a full copy of this khutbah outline

  1. Suratul Anbiya, 21st chapter of the Quran, contains 3 duas from 3 prophets

    1. First dua is from Prophet Ayoob (Job)
      1. And [mention] Job, when he called to his Lord, “Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful.”
    2. Second dua is from Prophet Yunus (Jonah)
      1. And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, “There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers.”
    3. Third dua is from Prophet Zakariyya (Zakary)
      1. And [mention] Zechariah, when he called to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone [with no heir], while you are the best of inheritors.”
  2. Let’s analyze the reasons these three Prophets made these duas. What is the story behind them?

    1. Ayoob was going through multiple trials.
    2. He had lost his family and his wealth and finally his health.
    3. His community abandoned him and only his wife stood by his side.
    4. Through it all, he was patient and continued to worship Allah.
    5. Finally, it got so bad he made this dua.
      1. And [mention] Job, when he called to his Lord, “Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful.”
  3. Yunus was facing a humiliating death.

    1. He was sent to guide the people of Nineveh.
    2. When they didn’t accept him, he left in anger and condemned them.
    3. He didn’t know they eventually repented.
    4. He boarded a boat, a storm came, and he was thrown over.
    5. A fish swallowed him and he made this dua.
      1. “There is no god except You, Glory to You, Certainly I have been from among the wrongdoers.”
  4. Zakariyya wanted a child

    1. He and his wife were elderly and beyond child-bearing age.
    2. He was concerned about who would guide his people after him.
    3. Not the only time he prayed for a child.
      1. He was a caretaker for Maryam who inspired him to want a child.
      2. So her Lord accepted her with good acceptance and caused her to grow in a good manner and put her in the care of Zechariah. Every time Zechariah entered upon her in the prayer chamber, he found with her provision. He said, “O Mary, from where is this [coming] to you?” She said, “It is from Allah . Indeed, Allah provides for whom He wills without account.”
      3. At that, Zechariah called upon his Lord, saying, “My Lord, grant me from Yourself a good offspring. Indeed, You are the Hearer of supplication.”
    4. Allah sent an angel to confirm that he would have a child – Prophet Yahya.
  5. There are many similarities in these three duas, but will only focus on three.

    1. Each dua was very personal.
    2. The Prophets talked directly to Allah and used words like “You” and “Me.”
      1. Ayoob: Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful.
      2. Yunus: There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers.
      3. Zakariyya: My Lord, do not leave me alone, while you are the best of inheritors.
    3. In each dua, the Prophet praised Allah while also asking for what they wanted.
      1. Ayoob was grateful and acknowledged that despite his troubles, Allah was still the Most Merciful.
      2. Yunus confirmed his belief in Allah and glorified Allah.
      3. Zakariyya admitted that whether he had son or not, everything he had was under Allah’s care.
    4. Each dua reflected the Prophet’s relationship with his community.
      1. Ayoob had been abandoned and reviled by his people.
      2. Yunus had done the opposite and had given up on his people.
      3. Zakariyya had a good relationship with his people, but was worried about their future.
        1. Zechariah] said, “My Lord, make for me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three nights, [being] sound.”
        2. So he came out to his people from the prayer chamber and signaled to them to exalt [ Allah ] in the morning and afternoon.
  6. The Dua of Yunus is special.

    1. The other two duas had two phrases; Yunus’ dua had three.
      1. Declares the oneness of Allah.
      2. Glorified Allah.
      3. Admitted he was in the wrong.
    2. Yunus had to go further than the others. He had to correct his mistake.
  7. Some trials you don’t know why they happened.

    1. Other trials you know are a direct result of mistakes you made.
    2. Yunus’ trial was a result of his mistake, so he felt responsible.
    3. Jonah was in a situation similar to Prophet Muhammad.
    4. Yunus gave up on his people.
  8. In Surah Nun, Allah warns the Prophet not to make the same mistake.

    1. Then be patient for the decision of your Lord, [O Muhammad], and be not like the companion of the fish when he called out while he was distressed.
    2. Had not Grace from his Lord reached him, he would indeed have been cast off on the naked shore, in disgrace.
  9. Lots of symbolism with the letter NUN and Fish and Prophets

    1. Jonah’s nickname
    2. Surah Al-Qalam begins with NUN
    3. Yusha Bin Nun in Surah Al-Kahf
  10. Prophet Muhammad said anyone who uses this dua will have it answered.

    1. The supplication of Dhun-Nun (Prophet Yunus) when he supplicated, while in the belly of the whale was: ‘There is none worthy of worship except You, Glory to You, Indeed, I have been of the transgressors. (Lā ilāha illā anta subḥānaka innī kuntu minaẓ-ẓālimīn)’ So indeed, no Muslim person supplicates with it for anything, ever, except Allah responds to him.
  11. Lessons from the Dua Yunus

    1. Don’t give up on your people.
      1. With Muslims doing so many crazy things in the world, it’s easy to write them off.
      2. There have been worse times for Muslims.
      3. Crusades humiliated the Muslims.
      4. Mongols destroyed Baghdad and killed millions of Muslims.
      5. Don’t give up on your community.
    2. Your mission isn’t over yet.
      1. You must continue to struggle and fight.
      2. Many people have given up on their dreams and ambitions.
      3. Given up on starting a business
      4. Given up on finding the right person
      5. Given up on studying Islam
      6. Given up on themselves
    3. Until Allah dismisses you, you don’t have a reason to give up.
      1. May have to change tactics and strategies.
      2. May come at it from a different angle.
      3. May have to ask for help.
    4. No matter how bad things are, don’t give up on Allah.
      1. Yunus was in three levels of darkness: Night, ocean, fish.
  12. Follow the steps of Yunus’ dua:

    1. Remember you’re a believer.
    2. Praise and glorify Allah.
    3. Ask Allah for forgiveness.
  13. For there to be change, we must first change ourselves.

    1. Allah confirms He will only change a people when they change their hearts.
    2. Jonah’s ’ situation changed when his heart changed.
    3. Be honest with yourself and see where you can improve.
  14. Six components of our life:

    1. Spiritual
    2. Social
    3. Emotional
    4. Financial
    5. Physical
    6. Mental
  15. May Allah make it easy for us to follow in the footsteps of His Prophets and emulate their examples as best we can. May Allah give us the steadfastness of Job, the repentance of Jonah, and the confidence of Zakariyya.

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